The Sarlux site has a range of complex safety systems designed to detect potentially dangerous systems immediately.
FIREFIGHTING An extensive network of water hydrants for fire-fighting covers the whole site.
All the storage tanks are protected by cooling systems; those fitted in the most critical tanks are activated automatically when the tank overheats. Similar systems are installed on all the pressure tanks, LPG storage and loading equipment and any other piece of equipment for which a rise in temperature could compromise safety.
On-site, the fire-fighting service is operational round the clock and is based on nine vehicles – rapid and easy to manoeuvre - equipped with powder and foam: highly trained personnel guarantee rapid intervention in emergency situations and act as back-up to the fixed systems. At all events, all Saras staff are required to receive training during fire-fighting tests at the internal range.
Equipment and security systems are checked periodically and receive regular maintenance.
SEA SAFETY As regards planned response to accidental spillage of hydrocarbons into the sea, vehicles and equipment are available to deal quickly with the accident following procedures laid down in the Internal Emergency Plan, which includes the Marine Pollution Prevention Plan and the Heavy Rainfall Emergency Plan. In the harbour area, dedicated boats are on call round the clock, together with a full set of equipment ensuring prompt response to contain and recover any product spills, with different procedures according to product type.
INVESTMENTS IN HEALTH AND SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
The Company’s policy and projects to ensure constant improvement in safety levels for personnel and the site are supported, each year, by average investment of EUR 20 million. The main measures funded include upgrading of existing safety systems and modifications to plant and product handling systems.
SITE SAFETY REPORT
The facility drew up its first safety report (SR) in 1989; since then the document has been constantly updated to reflect all changes made to plants over time. To draw up the Safety Report, every five years the Company performs an accurate in-depth analysis of operations at each plant with regard to the risks arising from the refining process, the materials used and all the procedures involved in running such a complex operation as an oil refinery. The current status of the site’s plants and operations are thus examined, to identify risk scenarios and potential accidents, and hence their possible consequences on workers, the site and the surrounding area.
At the present time, the analysis of hypothetical accident scenarios has ruled out any significant impacts on the surrounding area. In any case, any external impacts would be limited to an area, in the direction of State Road 195, which is uninhabited.
The Safety Report is therefore an invaluable tool for preventing risk situations from arising and for examining all possible measures to prevent the occurrence of incidents. The Report also identifies the technological solutions and the safety equipment and systems ensuring correct response to any incident and minimising its consequences. The Company regularly undergoes safety checks and audits. In 2011, the site underwent an eight-day safety audit organised by the Ministry of the Environment to verify progress in implementing a Safety Management System. The audit team found that the SMS was adequate and that its structure and contents met regulatory requirements. INTERNAL EMERGENCY PLAN The Company has prepared an Internal Emergency Plan (IEP), which sets out the procedures to be followed and measures to be taken to ensure that any accident is managed with the highest efficiency and its consequences are contained through coordinated action. The IEP also includes the Marine Pollution Prevention Plan, which sets out the procedures in the event of oil spills at sea or major weather events, such as floods, which might affect the site. EXTERNAL EMERGENCY PLAN The External Emergency Plan (EEP) co-ordinated by the Prefecture of Cagliari, was drawn up in cooperation with a number of local authorities, law enforcement agencies and emergency services, including the Region, the Province of Cagliari, the Municipality of Sarroch, the Fire Service and the Local Health Authority. The plan covers the entire industrial area of Sarroch and covers incident/accident scenarios which might involve danger to external areas. On the basis of the Safety Reports and analysis of incident scenarios, the EEP establishes the best incident management procedures and the timing of action. In June 2011, the Cagliari Prefecture approved the External Emergency Plan for the Sarroch industrial area (2011 edition) which takes into account all the updates of the Safety Report.